Pediatric Sarcomas


Major Types of Soft Tissue Sarcomas in Children

Tissue of Origin

Types of Cancer

Usual Location in the Body

Most Common Ages

Striated muscle Rhabdomyosarcoma    
Embryonal Head and neck, genitourinary tract Infant–4
Alveolar Arms, legs, head and neck Infant–19
Smooth muscle Leiomyosarcoma Trunk 15-19
Fibrous tissue Fibrosarcoma Arms and legs 15-29
Malignant fibrous Legs 15–19
Malignant fibrous
Fat Liposarcoma Arms and legs 15–19
Blood vessels Infantile hemangio-pericytoma Arms, legs, trunk, head, and neck Infant–4
Synovial tissue (linings of joint cavities, tendon sheaths) Synovial sarcoma Legs, arms, and trunk 15–19
Peripheral nerves Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (also called neurofibrosarcomas, malignant schwannomas and neurogenic sarcomas) Arms, legs, and trunk 15–19
Muscular nerves Alveolar soft part sarcoma Arms and legs Infant-19
Cartilage and bone-forming tissue Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma Legs 10–14
Extraskeletal mesenchymal Legs 10–14

Programs & Resources

Patient Resources Patient Resources

Information on sarcoma subtypes, treatments, clinical trials, and other important resources for sarcoma patients and families.

Patient Registry Sarcoma Patient Registry

Information on the Sarcoma Patient Registry. If you are diagnosed with sarcoma, please consider joining the Registry.

Sarcoma Research Sarcoma Research

Information on applying for a sarcoma research grant, current research funded by the SFA, and past research grants.

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